Constitution


PREAMBLE

We, the students of Michigan Technological University, recognizing the need for a radio station to cater to the musical tastes of the student body and provide an educational service to the community, do hereby ordain this constitution for the operation of a student radio station, so that this need might be served.


ARTICLE I - NAME

The name of the organization shall be WMTU 91.9 FM, hereafter referred to as either ‘WMTU’ or ‘the Station’.


ARTICLE II - PURPOSE

The purpose of WMTU shall be:

  1. To provide Michigan Technological University and the surrounding community with alternative high quality radio programming.
  2. To provide the students of Michigan Technological University with an opportunity to participate in the operation of a radio station.
  3. To organize and facilitate events which might provide the student body and local community with concerts, shows, fundraisers, and other opportunities of social significance.

ARTICLE III - MEMBERSHIP

Section 1. General Staff

  1. Members of the General Staff of WMTU must be students or employees at Michigan Technological University.
  2. Members of General staff are considered either Active or Inactive.
  3. The rules of Active Staff Membership are as follows: 1. A person is eligible to be appointed to Active General Staff after he or she has attended 3 General Staff meetings or has been present through the entirety of one senior staff election. 2. Active Staff members shall have one vote at General Staff meetings. 3. Any active member who fails to attend three consecutive General Staff meetings without giving prior notice to the secretary (WMTU Const. art. §4.1.2) or appointed attendance keeper shall be considered Inactive Staff.
  4. The rules of Inactive Staff Membership are as follows: 1. An Inactive Staff member retains all rights of, and must abide by all rules which apply to active general staff members except the ability to vote in general staff meetings. 2. Attendance of three consecutive General Staff meetings by an inactive staff member is required to return to Active Staff, and active membership is re-established at the beginning of the third consecutive attended meeting.

Section 2. Senior Staff

  1. The Senior Staff of WMTU shall consist of a General Manager, a Secretary, plus eight Department Heads, whose titles shall be as follows:
    • Business Manager (Head of Business)
    • Programming Director (Head of Programming)
    • Public Relations Liaison (Head of Marketing)
    • Broadcast Supervisor (Head of Broadcasting)
    • Production Supervisor (Head of Productions)
    • Chief Audio Engineer (Co-Head of Technology)
    • Chief Computer Engineer (Co-Head of Technology)
    • Event Coordinator (Head of the Events Committee)
  2. The responsibilities of the Senior Staff shall be as follows:
  3. The Senior Staff shall serve as the Executive Committee of WMTU. Their duties are described in Article I of the Bylaws.
  4. Members of the Senior Staff must be full-time students or an employee at Michigan Technological University and students must have cumulative grade point averages of at least 2.0 at the time of election. Only one employee shall be on senior staff at any given time. Only a student may be elected General Manager.
  5. Each member of the Senior Staff shall have one vote at General Staff meetings and one vote at Senior Staff meetings, with the exception of the General Manager, who shall only vote in the event of a tie.
  6. Senior Staff members shall be elected each year.
  7. As vacancies occur within Senior Staff the General Manager shall appoint a member of General Staff to the position. In the event that the General Manager position becomes vacant, Senior Staff shall nominate a member of General Staff to complete the term of the General Manager. A majority vote of General Staff is required to approve the appointment of any member of Senior Staff.
  8. An individual may spend a total of no more than two years in any given Senior Staff position.
  9. The Senior Staff shall be considered a part of the General Staff.

Section 3. Enlisted Staff

  1. The Enlisted Staff of WMTU shall consist of an assistant to each department head, along with specialty roles assigned by the Senior Staff including, but not limited to, the following:
    • Music Director(s)
    • Webmaster
    • Talk Show Engineer(s)
    • Productions Liaison
    • Social Marketing Head
    • Event Department Liaisons
  2. The responsibilities of the Enlisted Staff are as follows:
  3. The Enlisted Staff shall serve as delegates of their respective department heads. Their duties are outlined in Article I of the Bylaws, but may be given specific directives from their respective department heads.
  4. An individual must be considered an Active General Staff member to be appointed as an Enlisted Staff member.
  5. The Enlisted Staff shall be appointed each semester, and as necessary.
  6. The Enlisted Staff shall be considered a part of the General Staff.
  7. In the event an Enlisted Staff member cannot or does not fulfill their duty as their role dictates, their dismissal is subject to the discretion of their respective department head.

Section 4. Air Staff

  1. The Air Staff of WMTU shall be made up of its show hosts
  2. Members of the Air Staff must be students or employees of Michigan Technological University or have written permission by the General Manager, Business Manager, and Broadcast Supervisor.
  3. Members of the Air Staff shall not have the power to vote at either General or Senior Staff meetings.
  4. Air Staff members shall be appointed or reappointed at the start of each academic semester by the Broadcast Supervisor.

Section 5. Advisors for WMTU

  1. Advisors for WMTU shall be chosen by the General Staff. The Advisors shall not have the power to vote at either General or Senior Staff meetings.
  2. The WMTU advisors shall be required to attend 50% of all Senior Staff meetings. Senior Staff will be responsible for enforcing this policy.

Section 6. Equal Opportunity Policy

  1. WMTU shall not discriminate on the basis of race, religion, color, national origin, age, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, height, weight, genetic information, or marital status.

ARTICLE IV - MEETINGS

Section 1. General Staff meetings

  1. General Staff meetings shall be called by the General Manager at least once per week during the academic year, excluding term breaks, and at other times deemed necessary.
  2. Unless excused beforehand by the General Manager or his or her designate, attendance of General Staff meetings is mandatory for all Senior Staff members, Enlisted Staff members, and General Staff members within the organization. In the event attendance to a General Staff meeting by a staff member is not possible, prior notice MUST be given to the Secretary (or attendance record keeper as designated by the General Manager).
  3. The purpose of General Staff meetings shall be to review budget expenditures, approve expenditures outside of the budget, approve amendments to the Constitution and Bylaws, elect Senior Staff members, appoint General Staff members, approve General Staff appointments, take action concerning the removal or reinstatement of Staff members, and make other decisions concerning the smooth operation of the Station.
  4. A majority of Active General Staff members must be present to constitute a quorum at a General Staff meeting.
  5. The General Manager shall only vote at General Staff meetings in the event of a tie.
  6. Unless otherwise stated, a majority vote of all General Staff members present shall be required to pass a motion.

Section 2. Senior Staff meetings

  1. Senior Staff meetings shall be called by the General Manager at least once per week during the academic year, excluding breaks, and at other times deemed necessary.
  2. Senior Staff meeting absences shall be handled as follows:
  3. Unless excused beforehand by the General Manager or his/her designate, or there is a known academic conflict, attendance is mandatory for all Senior Staff members and Enlisted Staff members at Senior Staff meetings.
  4. In the event a member of Senior Staff is absent from a Senior Staff meeting, a representative must be appointed from his/her department to provide updates and take notes.
  5. Repeat offences may result in the review, and possible suspension, of a Senior Staff member’s position.
  6. The purpose of Senior Staff meetings shall be to maintain communications and co- ordinate efforts amongst departments, provide recommendations to General Staff, approve the Station Budget, approve expenditures within the limits of the Budget, discuss and draft amendments to the constitution and by-laws, and engage in all activities that are required to facilitate the operation of the station.
  7. A two-thirds majority of the Senior Staff members or their designates must be present to constitute a quorum.
  8. Unless otherwise stated, a majority vote of the Senior Staff members or their designates present shall be required to pass a motion.

Section 3. Department meetings

  1. Department meetings shall be called by the Department Heads at least once per two weeks during the academic year, and at other times deemed necessary.
  2. Unless excused beforehand by the respective Department Head or his/her designate, attendance is mandatory for all staff members of each department at their respective department meetings.

ARTICLE V - FINANCES

Section 1. Derivation of Funds

  1. WMTU shall derive its financial support through:
    • Funding from the Student Activities Fee (SAF);
    • Underwriting;
    • Sponsoring fundraising activities;
    • Other legal means.

Section 2. Asset Holding

  1. Station funds shall be held by Michigan Technological University in a student organization account.

Section 3. Station Budget

  1. Within the first four weeks of each spring semester, an annual Station Budget shall be drafted by the Business Manager and the business department with input from Senior Staff.
  2. The Budget shall outline spending for the next academic year.
  3. The preliminary Budget shall be presented to Senior Staff and Senior Staff Appointees during the sixth week of the Spring Semester. Senior Staff and Senior Staff Appointees shall review and suggest revisions to the Budget.
  4. The final Budget must be approved by the Senior Staff prior to the eighth week of the spring semester
  5. The final Budget shall be submitted to Student Activities for approval.

Section 4. Allocation of Funds

  1. Senior Staff may allocate funds within the limits of the Budget.
  2. The General Staff shall be apprised of any expense approved by Senior Staff at the following General Staff meeting. Any item over $100 must be approved with a majority vote from General Staff before being purchased.
  3. The Senior Staff may allocate up to $100 outside of any item’s budget, so long as the expense stays within the limits of the rollover or maintenance amount stated in the Budget.
  4. Leftover funds from purchases in the budget shall be available for allocation to additional purchases, and become rollover if unused during the current fiscal year.

Section 5. Purchases

  1. Purchases under $5000 shall be made using the purchasing card assigned to WMTU by MTU purchasing department. Purchases made with the Purchasing card shall be made in accordance with University regulations.
  2. Purchases over $5000 shall be made using a Michigan Tech Purchase Order.

ARTICLE VI - RATIFICATION & AMENDMENTS

Section 1. Approval of Constitution and Bylaws

  1. This Constitution and Bylaws shall be declared adopted when approved by a two-thirds majority vote of the Active General Staff members at a General Staff meeting, and the Director of Student Activities.

Section 1. Amendments to Constitution or Bylaws

  1. Amendments to the Constitution and Bylaws may be presented in writing at any regularly scheduled General Staff meeting and be voted on no sooner than the next General Staff meeting, provided that at least one week is allowed to elapse between the two meetings.
  2. A two-thirds majority vote of the Active General Staff members present shall be required for the passage of an amendment.
  3. Any amendments to the Constitution and Bylaws shall become effective upon receiving approval from the Director of Student Activities.

By Laws


ARTICLE I - DUTIES OF SENIOR STAFF

Section 1. The duties of the General Manager shall be as follows:

  1. Call and preside over General and Senior Staff meetings;
  2. Present a bi-annual State of the Station Report to the General Staff and Advisors;
  3. Suspend, if necessary, any senior or general staff member from their duties until all issues can be addressed at the next general staff meeting;
  4. Enlist temporary helpers as he or she sees fit.

Section 2. The duties of the Secretary shall be as follows:

  1. Ensure the minutes of all General and Senior Staff meetings are kept and made available upon request;
  2. Be responsible for the tracking the attendance of members of General Staff for the purpose of determining Active and Inactive status of members;
  3. Be responsible for email and correspondence lists for departments and staff;
  4. Be responsible for handling ID access to the office and DJ booth;
  5. Maintain the WMTU Historical Archives;
  6. Enlist temporary helpers as he or she sees fit.

Section 3. The duties of the Business Manager (Head of Business) shall be as follows:

  1. Preside over the Business Department;
  2. Temporarily assume the duties of the General Manager in the event of his or her absence or dismissal;
  3. Be responsible for keeping a true and accurate record of all business transactions;
  4. Be responsible for billing tasks;
  5. Prepare the Annual Budget, which is to be approved by the Senior Staff. Upon approval, copies shall be submitted to the Advisor and Student Activities;
  6. Make available monthly financial statements to the advisor and the Undergraduate Student Government;
  7. Report the status and all expenditures of the Business Department at General Staff meetings;
  8. Enlist the following General Staff members:
    • An Assistant Business Manager, who shall temporarily assume the duties of the Business Manager in the event of his or her absence;
  9. Enlist temporary helpers as he or she sees fit.

Section 4. The duties of the Programming Director (Head of Programming) shall be as follows:

  1. Preside over the Programming Department;
  2. Direct the acquisition of recorded materials;
  3. Store, organize, and maintain all musical and non underwriting recordings, including the musical archives (both physical and digital), and prepare lists of such recordings;
  4. Report the status and expenditures of the Programming Department at General Staff meetings;
  5. Determine the Station’s on-air profile, including but not limited to
    • Designing and implementing a beneficial Station format, in coordination with the Broadcast Supervisor, with the consent of General Staff;
    • Determining Station liners and their appropriate on-air uses;
  6. Enlist the following General Staff members:
    • An Assistant Programming Director, who shall temporarily assume the duties of the Programming Director in the event of his or her absence;
    • Music Directors who shall establish and maintain contact with music promoters in order to obtain musical recordings, and compile and publish official playlists, and are responsible for previewing new music before being added to the library;
  7. Enlist temporary helpers as he or she sees fit.

Section 5. The duties of the Chief Computer Engineer (Co-Head of Technology) shall be as follows:

  1. Preside over the Technology Department alongside the Chief Audio Engineer;
  2. Promptly repair or replace any computer equipment that prevents WMTU from broadcasting, and repair or replace, within a reasonable amount of time, any other non-essential computer equipment that fails;
  3. Be responsible for keeping a true and accurate inventory of Station equipment, a maintenance log, and a record of service interruption;
  4. Detail and document all major equipment changes that are made on Station property and all new computer equipment;
  5. Provide for the continual operation of transmitting equipment (alongside the Chief Audio Engineer) by
    • Making a visual inspection all relevant transmitting equipment at least once per semester;
    • Remaining informed of any work done on or in the vicinity of the transmitting equipment;
  6. Enlist the following General Staff members:
    • An Assistant Computer Engineer, who shall temporarily assume the duties of the Chief Computer Engineer in the event of his or her absence;
    • A Webmaster to design and maintain the WMTU Homepage;
  7. Be responsible for all WMTU computer needs;
  8. Be responsible for the upkeep and maintenance of all WMTU computer equipment;
  9. Report status and all expenditures of the Technology Department at General Staff meetings (alongside the Chief Audio Engineer);
  10. Enlist temporary helpers as he or she sees fit.

Section 6. The duties of the Chief Audio Engineer (Co-Head of Technology) shall be as follows:

  1. Preside over the Technology Department alongside the Chief Computer Engineer;
  2. Promptly repair or replace any audio equipment that prevents WMTU from broadcasting, and repair or replace, within a reasonable amount of time, any other non-essential audio equipment that fails;
  3. Be responsible for keeping a true and accurate inventory of Station equipment, a maintenance log, and a record of service interruption;
  4. Detail and document all major equipment changes that are made on Station property and all new audio equipment;
  5. Provide for the continual operation of transmitting equipment (alongside the Chief Computer Engineer) by
    • Making a visual inspection all relevant transmitting equipment at least once per semester;
    • Remaining informed of any work done on or in the vicinity of the transmitting equipment;
  6. Enlist the following General Staff members:
    • An Assistant Audio Engineer, who shall temporarily assume the duties of the Chief Audio Engineer in the event of his or her absence;
    • A Talk Show Engineer, who shall manage the Air Staff during a talk show;
  7. Be responsible for all WMTU audio equipment needs;
  8. Be responsible for the upkeep and maintenance of all WMTU audio equipment;
  9. Be responsible for the general upkeep of the Engineering Closet and the equipment therein;
  10. Be designated Chief Engineer of WMTU in accordance with Federal Communication Commission regulations and requirements;
  11. Report status and all expenditures of the Technology Department at General Staff meetings (alongside the Chief Computer Engineer);
  12. Enlist temporary helpers as he or she sees fit.

Section 7. The duties of the Public Relations Liaison (Head of Marketing) shall be as follows:

  1. Preside over the Marketing Department
  2. Be responsible for the publicity of WMTU and all Station sponsored events, including display cases located in Wadsworth Hall and the Memorial Union Building;
  3. Be responsible for surveys of the radio audience;
  4. Utilize and maintain Station presence in social media;
  5. Report the status and all expenditures of the Marketing Department at General Staff meetings;
  6. Be responsible for promoting the Station’s general image within the community;
  7. Enlist the following General Staff members:
    • An Assistant Public Relations Liaison, who shall temporarily assume the duties of the Public Relations Liaison in the event of his or her absence;
    • A Productions Liaison, who shall be responsible for attending meetings of the Productions Department and coordinating with them to create liners and underwriting advertisements;
    • A Social Marketing Head, who shall be responsible for maintaining the station’s social media presence;
  8. Enlist temporary helpers as he or she sees fit.

Section 8. The duties of the Broadcast Supervisor (Head of Broadcasting) shall be as follows

  1. Preside over the Broadcast Department;
  2. Serve as a liaison between the Air Staff and the General Staff;
  3. Be responsible for training and assisting members of the Air Staff and monitoring their on-air performance;
  4. Monitor general on-air quality;
  5. Maintain a list of possible substitute show hosts;
  6. Be designated Chief Operator of WMTU in accordance with Federal Communication Commission regulations and requirements;
  7. Be responsible for the general upkeep of the DJ Booth and the equipment therein;
  8. Report the status and expenditures of the Broadcast Department at General Staff meetings;
  9. Enlist the following General Staff members:
    • A Trafficking Coordinator, who shall be responsible for creating, compiling, distributing, monitoring, and storing the stations program and play logs and maintaining the Public Record as prescribed by the Federal Communications Commission;
    • An Assistant Broadcast Supervisor, who shall temporarily assume the duties of the Broadcast Supervisor in the event of his or her absence;
  10. Be responsible for enforcing WMTU Station Policy, taking appropriate disciplinary measures as necessary;
  11. Be responsible for show host scheduling at the beginning of each term;
  12. Enlist temporary helpers as he or she sees fit.

Section 9. The duties of the Productions Director (Head of Productions) shall be as follows:

  1. Preside over the Productions Department;
  2. Be responsible for all WMTU recording needs;
  3. Report the status and all expenditures of the Productions Department at General Staff meetings;
  4. Be responsible for the general upkeep of the Productions booth and the equipment therein, and report any equipment malfunctions to the Chief Audio Engineer or Chief Computer Engineer for logging and repair;
  5. Maintain the archives of Productions recorded materials;
  6. Be responsible for the prompt turnaround of underwriting requests;
  7. Enlist the following General Staff members:
    • An Assistant Productions Director, who shall temporarily assume the duties of the Productions Director in the event of his or her absence;
  8. Enlist temporary helpers as he or she sees fit.

Section 10. The duties of the Event Coordinator (Head of the Events Committee) shall be as follows:

  1. Preside over the Events Committee;
  2. Be responsible for the management of WMTU sponsored events;
  3. Serve as a liaison between WMTU, and all involved MTU faculty, staff, departments, organizations, and venue managers.
  4. Report the status of all events handled by the Events Committee at General and Senior Staff meetings;
  5. Report all expenditures related to the Events Budget;
  6. Enlist General Staff delegates to work with all involved WMTU departments for each event (when necessary):
    • Events Business Liaison
    • Events Marketing Liaison
    • Events Broadcasting Liaison
    • Events Technology Liaison(s)
  7. Enlist the following General Staff Members:
    • An Assistant Event Coordinator(s), who shall temporarily assume the duties of the Event Coordinator in the event of his or her absence, and assist in management of all enlisted delegates described above;
    • An Event Set-up Manager, who shall manage the planning alongside the Event Coordinator (if not the Event Coordinator him/herself), set-up, and strike of events as well as the respective crew(s);
    • An Event Run Manager, who shall manage the event alongside the Event Coordinator (if not the Event Coordinator him/herself) and Assistant Event Coordinator(s), as well as the respective crew;
  8. Enlist temporary helpers as he or she sees fit.

ARTICLE II - SELECTION OF STAFF MEMBERS

Section 1. Annual membership elections shall be held the sixth week of each spring semester, at which time all positions on the Senior Staff shall be made available to applicants. Senior Staff members elected at this time shall:

  1. Train under the previous department head for the remainder of the semester (if new to the position);
  2. Assume office no later than 2 weeks after the date of election;
  3. Attend Senior Staff meetings.

Section 2. Senior Staff Selection

  1. Nominations for Senior Staff elections will be open two weeks before elections take place.
  2. Candidates shall be elected to the Senior Staff by the following method
    • If there is only one candidate for the position, a vote of confidence shall be taken by the General Staff. If the candidate is approved by a majority of the General Staff members present, he or she shall be elected to the Senior Staff. Otherwise, another search for candidates shall be made.
    • If there is more than one candidate for a position, a secret ballot vote shall be taken by the General Staff. The candidate receiving over half of the votes shall be elected to the Senior Staff.
    • If no candidate receives over half of the votes in the first election, a runoff election shall be held by the General Staff between the top two candidates from the first election. The candidate receiving the majority of the votes in the second election shall be elected to the Senior Staff.
    • Those elected to the positions of General Manager and Business Manager must also be approved by the current General Manager and the WMTU adviser(s). The person elected to the position of Broadcast Supervisor must be designated as the chief operator of WMTU by the Federal Communications Commission before taking office.
    • Two-thirds of General Staff members must be present to constitute a quorum for the Senior Staff election.

Section 3. Air Staff members shall be selected by the Broadcast Supervisor according to the guidelines outlined in the Station Policy.


ARTICLE III - REMOVAL OF STAFF MEMBERS

Section 1. The General Staff shall have the power to impeach or dismiss members of the General Staff on the grounds of malfeasance, misfeasance or nonfeasance in areas which are under the jurisdiction of the General Staff.

Section 2. The process of impeaching or dismissing a staff member shall be as follows:

  1. The grievance(s) against a staff member shall be presented in writing at a General Staff meeting.
  2. The vote for removal of the staff member under discussion shall be taken at the next General Staff meeting, provided that at least one week is allowed to elapse between the two meetings.

Section 3. A two-thirds majority vote of the General Staff members present shall be necessary to impeach or dismiss a staff member.

Section 4. Members of the General Staff (other than Senior Staff members) may be removed from office by the respective Senior Staff member. This action may be appealed at the next General Staff meeting and the person reinstated by a two-thirds majority vote of the General Staff members present.

Section 5. Members of the Air Staff may be removed from their positions by Senior Staff for violation of Station Policy


ARTICLE IV - STATION POLICY

Section 1. Station Policy for WMTU shall consist of:

  1. A written set of guidelines by which members of the Air Staff shall be chosen;
  2. A written set of rules by which Air Staff members must abide while broadcasting for WMTU.

Section 2. Station Policy shall be maintained and updated by the Broadcast Supervisor, subject to the approval of the Senior Staff.


ARTICLE V - AUTOMATION USE AND PROCEDURE

Section 1. Automation Definition

  1. Automation is defined as the sound delivery system established when no live show host is available or scheduled.

Section 2. Automation Purpose

  1. Automation is to be used as a supplement in order to maintain a continuous broadcast, when all regular broadcasting sources are unavailable.

Section 3. Automation Usage

  1. The rules of automation usage are as follows:
  2. Automation may be activated by the air staff with approval of the Broadcast Supervisor or his/her assistant(s).
  3. If no member of the the Broadcasting Department can be contacted, the General Manager may grant approval.

Section 4. Playlists for automation must be approved by the Programming Director.


DJ Training Guide

Introduction

Congratulations on entering into the best radio station in the Keweenaw. By joining ‘s air staff you’ve become a part of the most exciting and dynamic student group on campus. The purpose of this handbook is to give you the background necessary to become a productive and valued DJ, and it might save you some embarrassment to boot.

This handbook is yours to keep, so you’ll be expected to know its contents. This handbook includes a copy of the station’s rules and regulations. Any additions to the handbook will be distributed personally during your radio show, and the content of the additions is official station policy immediately after being received.

If you like what you see, or even if you don’t, feel free to let us know. staffers will be more than happy to answer any questions, comments, or complaints you may have. If you’re interested in the inner workings of our radio station, attend a staff meeting. We’re always looking for new staff members with fresh ideas and lots of enthusiasm.

Click Here to Download the DJ Training Guide (1.2M .pdf)


FCC and the Law

These laws have life and death consequences for WMTU. Know them, love them, live them. Seriously, the FCC can levy fines that are in the five figure category. If we get busted for breaking one of these laws MTU will close us down and probably sue you as well– get it? Oh yeah, you can also forget any hopes of ever broadcasting for or anyone else. In recent years, the FCC has changed its rules governing non-commercial/educational radio (this is the category into which falls) and no longer require our DJ’s to be licensed. This in no way means that their regulations are any more lenient or penalties less severe than in previous years.

Indecency/Obscenity Guidelines: DEFINITION “language or material that, in context, depicts or describes, in terms patently offensive as measured by contemporary community standards for the broadcast medium, sexual or excretory activities or organs.”

In 1978, George Carlin brought down the wrath of the FCC when his album George Carlin, Operation: Foole was broadcast. In his album he used shit, piss, cunt, cocksucker, motherfucker, fuck, asshole, and tits. Those words are now prohibited and serve as a generic definition of indecency. You cannot say or play these Pacifica Words.

If you say a Pacifica Word you face penalties both from as well as the Federal Government. Please be aware that Section 1464 of the U.S. Criminal Code states: “Whoever utters any obscene, indecent, or profane language by means of radio communications shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than two years or both. Penalty: Warning to immediate and permanent dismissal.

Indecency: You cannot play a song or any other recorded material that contains one of the seven dirty words. If you accidentally play a song containing an indecency you must activate the 6 second delay bypass button (a.k.a. “The Oh Shit” button” after the first occurrence, but you must fade it out after a second occurrence. Make sure that you note the song as a “Do Not Play” by marking the ID label and the sleeve. If the offending word makes it out over the air, then note the song, disc ID number, and time of occurrence on the Discrepancy Log– this will save you from any penalties. Penalty: Warning to immediate and permanent dismissal.

Obscenity: The FCC deems a song obscene if it is “patently offensive and offers no political, cultural, artistic, or social value.” Please use your best judgment to what should be appropriate to play. ‘s Broadcast Supervisor is the final authority on obscenity. All appeals to the Broadcast Supervisor’s decision will be placed with the General Manager for General Staff review. Penalty: Warning to immediate and permanent dismissal.

Underwriting: is a non-profit educational radio station, therefore we raise money by allowing businesses to sponsor portions of our broadcast. has binding contracts with sponsoring companies, by signing the DJ log you certify that you and have fulfilled our side of the contract. Try to run underwriting spots within three minutes of the scheduled time. After playing the spot, make sure you write the actual time of broadcast in the comments section of the DJ log. Penalty: Warning to dismissal for remainder of the term.

Copyright Infringement: Anything broadcast over the air is considered a public performance and copyright laws must be considered. Reading excerpts from plays, poems, or novels will constitute a copyright infringement unless the DJ obtains permission from the author or publishing company. Other offenses include: re broadcasting another station’s signal, broadcasting a syndicated radio show without permission or at a time of than that which is agreed upon, broadcasting sound recorded from copyrighted television shows or movies. Bootleg recordings of bands may not be broadcast without written consent of the band.

By sending a disc or album to us the publisher has implied that we have the right to broadcast the material. ‘s library can be broadcast without fear of breaking the law. Penalty Warning to dismissal for remainder of the term.

Top of the hour legal ID: The FCC requires that every FM station identify themselves within five minutes of each top of the hour with their call letters and city of origin. A legal top of the hour would include “, Houghton” or “Houghton, “ intact within the sentence. An example would be, “You’re listening to , Houghton, the only station that matters.” The Programming Director and Production Manager will be determining specific liners that we will ask you to use for mid-hour ID purposes. Any identification other than top of the hour is not required by law, but suggested as a way to keep your listeners interested and informed. After completing a legal ID, make sure you initial the proper spot on the DJ log. Penalty: Warning to dismissal for remainder of the term.

Never identify the station using incorrect or someone else’s call letters. This is a “false communication,” a major infraction. Penalty: Immediate and permanent dismissal

Call to Action: The FCC forbids a non commercial station such as ourselves from issuing “calls to action.” A DJ issues a call to action when he/she asks, urges, or suggests that the listener should perform some task which may result in a for-profit organization making money. This rule does not apply to non-profit organizations, like itself or, let’s say, the Save Our Springs Coalition. Calls to action include:

  1. Urging a listener to buy a record.
  2. Urging the listener to go to a concert or other performance.
  3. Mentioning the price of a record or concert ticket.
  4. Urging the listener to patronize a specific club or record store. You are free to rave about how great an album or band is; that’s only a “review.” However you cannot rave about a business establishment, (i.e., “Sam Goody is a great record store”). That counts as a commercial.

Please note the phrases must refer to a specific band, club, record, etc. Non-profit organizations like are the only entities you can specifically urge people to spend money on. You can, and are encouraged to tell people to attend a benefit for or purchase items (bumper stickers, T-shirts). In short, if it directly makes or another non-profit organization money, it’s okay. Otherwise, it’s a call to action. Examples of what are and aren’t calls to action:

  • “Here’s the new single from MC Roach Penis. Check it out”; Fade up new MC Roach Penis single on turntable one. - This is OK. You’re just pre-announcing.
  • In your air break: “The new Doomicial demo is available at Sam Goody and Sound Exchange” - not a call to action (pure information).
  • In your air break: “The new Doomicial demo is available at Sam Goody and Sound Exchange, the best record stores in Houghton.” -a call to action (using superlatives for a business establishment).
  • In your air break: “ The new Doomicial demo is available at Sound Exchange for 4 dollars” - a call to action (mentioning price).
  • In your air break: “Go check out The Poster Children at the /USG Benefit. Cover’s only $5!” - OK only because it’s two non-commercial organizations.
  • In your air break: “Led Zeppelin is the greatest band in the world” - not a call to action.
  • “Wilco is fantastic live and is coming here to Houghton for Spring Fling” - still not a call to action.
  • “I will definitely be at the Wilco show…” - still not a call to action.
  • “…and I want you to be there too.” - now it’s a call to action.

Penalty: One warning to permanent dismissal.

Defamation of Character-Slander: Slander is “communication which exposes a person to hatred, ridicule, or contempt, lowers him in the esteem of his fellows, causes him to be shunned, or injures him in his business or calling”. The rule of thumb for this one is that whatever you say about someone had better be true or absolutely provable. As well, the person you’re mentioning must be a public figure who is fair game for such commentary. Examples: “Bill Clinton is transvestite and a necropheliac.” - fair game since the president is a public figure, but you better have pictures to prove the statement. Don’t say anything without proof! “My friend’s roommate, Jack Onan, masturbates six times a day while looking at pictures of donkeys.” Jack can sue you and out the wazoo–he’ll have been slandered (assuming Jack is not this way) plus he’s not a public figure. Also see invasion of privacy below. Penalty: one week suspension to permanent dismissal as well as referral to the Dean’s office (as see fit)

Invasion of privacy: Giving out unlisted phone numbers, full names, or other personal, private information about a person without their permission is an invasion of their privacy. Invasion of privacy also occurs when you tell a story about someone (to avoid slander) and that person is not a public figure. Penalty: One warning to permanent dismissal.

False Information: It is illegal for you to transmit “false or deceptive communications by radio.” Example: “Hi your listening to and I just wanted you to know that Martians have just invaded the U.S. I’m serious, dudes.” This is another rule the FCC is really serious about. Penalty: One warning to permanent dismissal.

Editorializing: Editorializing means going out of your way to express your opinion about a matter other than the music your playing, such as telling the audience your beliefs on abortion. Editorializing is OK, but keep these things in mind: 1) FCC rules prohibits non-commercial stations from endorsing political candidates; 2)You must ensure that it is clear to the audience that what you are saying is your opinion, not that of as a whole or MTU, by playing the ‘editorial disclaimer’ minidisc at the end of any spiel you may go on; and 3) Try not to bore the audience with overly long political soliloquies. While we want you to express yourself, keep in mind that the listeners might not be as interested in your opinions as you are. Think of the editorial disclaimer minidisc as your DJ Opinion Condom. It protects and MTU from any legal problems from the FCC or other folks. The Broadcast Supervisor is the final authority on what is or is not editorializing. Editorializing without playing the editorial disclaimer minidisc:Penalty: One warning to permanent dismissal.

DJ Logs: DJs must correctly fill out the programming log, a written record of our on-air signal. The first important thing to do on these logs is to sign in for your shift. All 24 hours of our broadcast day should be signed for, or the FCC gets very upset when they ask to look at our logs (which they can do at any time). While you are signed on, you are responsible for all the equipment and recorded material in the control room and any damage resulting from theft, vandalism, food, drink, and smoke. The programming logs also list various things you need to announce (Legal ID, PSA’s, promos, etc.). DJs must record the actual time these items are announced in the space provided. The legal ID is an FCC requirement. The others are programming items and are discussed later.

Falsification of the logs (i.e. knowingly recording the playing of a PSA when it was not actually played), is an extreme no-no. If you can’t fulfill an obligation on the log (because a minidisc is missing) note that on the programming log. Noting the problem on the log fulfills your responsibility and someone who knows what they’re doing will take care of it. Failure to properly fill out logs:Penalty: One warning to permanent dismissal.

Watching the VU meters: The VU meters are the left and right channel needle-monitors on the control board which show the overall loudness of the signal our listeners are hearing. Try to keep the levels at about 0dB on the readout; otherwise the signal sounds distorted to the listeners. (The sound you hear in the control room is not the actual signal going out over the air.) The FCC can fine a station for exceeding 100% of licensed output power more than six times in one minute (+1dB on our meters). So watch your levels carefully.Penalty: One warning to permanent dismissal.


WMTU Rules

The following rules are in-house only. You will not be hassled outside of Michigan Tech for violating these, but to the station they are equally as important as the FCC rules, and they have direct bearing on the current and future fate of your show.

Bin counts: Each time slot is required to count a certain amount of CD’s per show. The CD’s you are to count will be dictated by your DJ log. The CD counts are important to keep track of our CD library. If you don’t do proper bin counts, you run the risk of being accused if any CD’s are stolen. Penalty for not doing proper bin counts: Penalty: One warning to permanent dismissal.

Programming Logs: DJs are required by to keep a written record of the songs that they play. We need this record to see what music is being played, and it helps us track down missing CD’s. Examples of program log entries are posted in the DJ booth. This may also be an asset in the event of a visit from the FCC. Penalty for not keeping log: One warning to permanent dismissal.

Discrepancy Log: While complete FCC compliance is the goal, we realize that mistakes do happen. What we want is a record of any mistakes, even the minor ones. For example, if you are playing a song you are not familiar with, that is not marked DNP, and the song contains an obscenity, you have two things to do. First, activate the 6 second delay to avoid the offending word from reaching the air waves. Next, write the offensive track number in the orange dot on the CD cover. If the discrepancy does make it to the air waves, then fill out the word, your name, and whether or not the track was previously marked “Do Not Play” (DNP) We will not use the discrepancy log to judge you as a DJ, so please be accurate. There will however, be repercussions if a violation is made and there is no record of it on the log. Penalty for not keeping an accurate Discrepancy Log: One warning to permanent dismissal.

Booth supervision: DJ’s are not allowed to leave the station in a manner which does not provide for the continued operation and care of the station. If there is another qualified DJ present, you can ask them to watch the control room if you have to leave for a minute. If there are no qualified DJ’s present, you’re stuck in the booth until the next DJ arrives. This is where having a partner comes in handy. Penalty for leaving the booth unattended: Immediate and permanent dismissal

Equipment (I): Tampering with equipment belonging to without authorization from the engineering department is strictly prohibited. Penalty for tampering with equipment: Immediate and permanent dismissal; If tampering causes to be in violation of FCC regulations, the DJ will be referred to the Dean’s office and Public Safety

Equipment (II): Removal of station property from the premises without proper authorization is prohibited. Penalty for removing equipment: Immediate and permanent dismissal as well as referral to the Dean’s office and Public Safety.

Drug policy (I): Alcohol and other drugs are prohibited on station premises. For public health regulations and the benefit of our equipment, tobacco is prohibited from being used on premises. Penalty: Immediate and permanent dismissal as well as referral to the Dean’s office and Public Safety.

Drug policy (II): Arriving for your show while under the influence of alcohol or other drugs is prohibited. Penalty: Immediate and permanent dismissal as well as referral to the Dean’s office and Public Safety

Guests: The number of guests in the booth is limited to two (2) at any one time. DJ’s will be held responsible for the actions of their guests, this includeds there behavior in Wadsworth Hall, Studios, and Airwaves. . Feel free to order anyone to leave if you think they may cause any damage or are just annoying you to the point where you cannot concentrate. The only people you can’t order out are staff members performing necessary station business, like staff performing repairs or diagnostics on the equipment. If staffers are just hanging out and being a nuisance to you, they too can be ordered out. Be diplomatic. Penalty for having more than two guests: warning, to permanent dismissal, as well as referral to the Dean’s Office and Public Safety

Substitutes: If you need a substitute for your show, you must contact the Broadcast Supervisor at least three days before your show. You may get your own sub, but you must OK the subs with the B.S. at least three days prior to your show. Penalty for not properly arranging for a substitute: Warning to Immediate and permanent dismissal.

Food and Drink: Food and beverages are not allowed in the control booth. This is to protect the delicate and expensive equipment in the booth. You may eat in the lobby, but you are responsible for any trash, spills, etc. Penalty for having food in the booth: Warning to Immediate and permanent dismissal.

DJ required board: Messages to the entire air staff will be posted on the DJ required board in the station lobby. Messages for specific DJ’s will be given in person by the Broadcast Supervisor. You will be required to read and abide by any messages, be they general or specific.

DJ fees: DJ’s are required to pay a fee for station upkeep and music library upgrades. These fees will be billed to you on your University billing statement.


Suggestions to Make Your Show Great

Preparation: Before you even show up at the station, have an idea of the music you want to play. If you want, show up fifteen minutes early and pick out your first 10 to 15 songs (just be sure the DJ before you has done his bin counts first). During your show, try to stay a couple of songs ahead of what you are playing. Before you go on the mic, know what you are going to say. If you want to mention what you have just played, have the program log in front of you so you don’t have to stammer on the air while looking for the cd case (A good reason to keep the program log accurate).

Format: In order to maintain continuity within their show, DJ’s are urged to pick some sort of format. If you decide not to pick any specific genre, at least try to pick your songs so that they do not clash (e.g. don’t play Clutch right after Ten Thousand Maniacs).

Promos/intros: Each radio show will have its own promo slot that will be made during the first week of each term. These promo’s will be played during the last half hour of the previous show to introduce what is coming up next on . Other promo’s may be scheduled during your radio show to promote other shows or ‘s format.

Air breaks: Contrary to what some DJ’s believe, the listening audience rarely tunes in to listen to the DJ talk, especially if he is talking about things nobody else cares about. At the same time, it’s a bit annoying when a DJ only talks at the top of the hour. A good rule of thumb is to get on the mic every four or five songs. Try to keep the monologue from getting too personal.

Requests: DJs are encouraged to play requests, since that tends to give the listeners some input as to what’s played. However, some requests are best left unplayed. For example, if a listener requests Simon and Garfunkle during a formatted Metal slot, politely inform the requester that it won’t fit your format. If a request fits your format but you can’t stand the song, tell the requester that you’ll try to find it, or that you’re backed up with requests, or something. Do not insult the listeners taste on the phone and especially not on the air. As always, be diplomatic!

Random points of interest:

  • 2-disk sets count as 1 when doing bin counts
  • If your have a comment for the staff, put a note in the department head’s mailbox
  • Do not move the mike boom while on the air
  • Run your vocal levels a few dB’s higher than your music
  • Have a song or mini disc cued up at all times, in case the unexpected happens ( e.g. you find an obscenity, you lose the program on the CD player, etc. )
  • Don’t beg for requests
  • Don’t use DJ jargon ( e.g. PSA’s, promos, DNP, etc.)